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The Resource European-origin and Mexican-origin Populations in Texas, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910

European-origin and Mexican-origin Populations in Texas, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910

Label
European-origin and Mexican-origin Populations in Texas, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910
Title
European-origin and Mexican-origin Populations in Texas, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910
Creator
Author
Subject
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Summary
This dataset was produced in the 1990s by Myron Gutmann and others at the University of Texas to assess demographic change in European- and Mexican-origin populations in Texas from the mid-nineteenth to early-twentieth centuries. Most of the data come from manuscript records for six rural Texas counties - Angelina, DeWitt, Gillespie, Jack, Red River, and Webb - for the U.S. Censuses of 1850-1880 and 1900-1910, and tax records where available. Together, the populations of these counties reflect the cultural, ethnic, economic, and ecological diversity of rural Texas. Red River and Angelina Counties, in Eastern Texas, had largely native-born white and black populations and cotton economies. DeWitt County in Southeast Texas had the most diverse population, including European and Mexican immigrants as well as native-born white and black Americans, and its economy was divided between cotton and cattle. The population of Webb County, on the Mexican border, was almost entirely of Mexican origin, and economic activities included transportation services as well as cattle ranching. Gillespie County in Central Texas had a mostly European immigrant population and an economy devoted to cropping and livestock. Jack County in North-Central Texas was sparsely populated, mainly by native-born white cattle ranchers. These counties were selected to over-represent the European and Mexican immigrant populations. Slave schedules were not included, so there are no African Americans in the samples for 1850 or 1860. In some years and counties, the Census records were sub-sampled, using a letter-based sample with the family as the primary sampling unit (families were chosen if the surname of the head began with one of the sample letters for the county). In other counties and years, complete populations were transcribed from the Census microfilms. For details and sample sizes by county, see the County table in the Original P.I. Documentation section of the ICPSR Codebook, or see Gutmann, Myron P. and Kenneth H. Fliess, How to Study Southern Demography in the Nineteenth Century: Early Lessons of the Texas Demography Project (Austin: Texas Population Research Center Papers, no. 11.11, 1989)
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Gutmann, Myron P
Label
European-origin and Mexican-origin Populations in Texas, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • 1850
  • 1860
  • 1870
  • 1880
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 35032
Control code
ICPSR35032.v1
Governing access note
Access restricted to subscribing institutions
Label
European-origin and Mexican-origin Populations in Texas, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910
Publication
Note
  • 1850
  • 1860
  • 1870
  • 1880
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 35032
Control code
ICPSR35032.v1
Governing access note
Access restricted to subscribing institutions

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