The Resource Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions
Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions
Resource Information
The item Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Bates College.This item is available to borrow from 1 library branch.
Resource Information
The item Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Bates College.
This item is available to borrow from 1 library branch.
 Summary
 These data were collected to obtain a clearer understanding of the quantitative meanings that people perceive in common words used to describe probabilistic outcomes. For example, in everyday language, people apply the expressions "always" and "certain" to events that occur in fewer than 100 percent of their opportunities. In this study, science writers were surveyed and asked to quantify, in a percentage term, their understanding of each of 52 expressions. They were also asked to indicate how they thought their readers would quantify each term, giving both an upper and lower limit they thought their readers would set for each expression. One group of expressions included the word "probability", and ranged from "very high probability" to "very low probability". Another used various forms of the word "probable", such as "very probable" and "improbable". Other expressions were centered around the word "chance": "better than even chance" to "less than even chance". The survey also included words like "always", "often", "frequently", "never", and "sometimes". Also tested were expressions with regularly used modifiers such as "very", or negation (not, un, im, in), so that the effect of such modifiers could be evaluated. The sample of respondents was split to permit assessment of the effects of order of presentation: half received a form that ranked the expressions within 15 groups from high probability to low, while the other half received a form ordering the expressions from low probability to high
 Note

 1987
 6046
 Label
 Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions
 Title
 Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions
 Summary
 These data were collected to obtain a clearer understanding of the quantitative meanings that people perceive in common words used to describe probabilistic outcomes. For example, in everyday language, people apply the expressions "always" and "certain" to events that occur in fewer than 100 percent of their opportunities. In this study, science writers were surveyed and asked to quantify, in a percentage term, their understanding of each of 52 expressions. They were also asked to indicate how they thought their readers would quantify each term, giving both an upper and lower limit they thought their readers would set for each expression. One group of expressions included the word "probability", and ranged from "very high probability" to "very low probability". Another used various forms of the word "probable", such as "very probable" and "improbable". Other expressions were centered around the word "chance": "better than even chance" to "less than even chance". The survey also included words like "always", "often", "frequently", "never", and "sometimes". Also tested were expressions with regularly used modifiers such as "very", or negation (not, un, im, in), so that the effect of such modifiers could be evaluated. The sample of respondents was split to permit assessment of the effects of order of presentation: half received a form that ranked the expressions within 15 groups from high probability to low, while the other half received a form ordering the expressions from low probability to high
 http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
 Mosteller, Frederick
 http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
 Youtz, Cleo
 Label
 Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions
 Note

 1987
 6046
 Control code
 ICPSR06046.v1
 Governing access note
 Access restricted to subscribing institutions
 Label
 Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions
 Note

 1987
 6046
 Control code
 ICPSR06046.v1
 Governing access note
 Access restricted to subscribing institutions
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<div class="citation" vocab="http://schema.org/"><i class="fa faexternallinksquare fafw"></i> Data from <span resource="http://link.bates.edu/portal/NumericalMeaningsofProbabilistic/YBfRh5uci14/" typeof="Book http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/Item"><span property="name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label"><a href="http://link.bates.edu/portal/NumericalMeaningsofProbabilistic/YBfRh5uci14/">Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions</a></span>  <span property="potentialAction" typeOf="OrganizeAction"><span property="agent" typeof="LibrarySystem http://library.link/vocab/LibrarySystem" resource="http://link.bates.edu/"><span property="name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label"><a property="url" href="http://link.bates.edu/">Bates College</a></span></span></span></span></div>
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<div class="citation" vocab="http://schema.org/"><i class="fa faexternallinksquare fafw"></i> Data from <span resource="http://link.bates.edu/portal/NumericalMeaningsofProbabilistic/YBfRh5uci14/" typeof="Book http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/Item"><span property="name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label"><a href="http://link.bates.edu/portal/NumericalMeaningsofProbabilistic/YBfRh5uci14/">Numerical Meanings of Probabilistic Expressions</a></span>  <span property="potentialAction" typeOf="OrganizeAction"><span property="agent" typeof="LibrarySystem http://library.link/vocab/LibrarySystem" resource="http://link.bates.edu/"><span property="name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label"><a property="url" href="http://link.bates.edu/">Bates College</a></span></span></span></span></div>